Technology-Centered Electric Mobility Assessment (THELMA)
LCA results comparing the environmental performance of a hypothetical electric VW Golf with a 300 kg Li-Ion battery versus a gasoline fueled Golf VI with BlueMotion© technology. European electricity mix was used for battery charging.
Scope of project
Electric mobility technologies have the potential to contribute to the goals of Swiss energy policy which include assuring a more sustainable supply of energy. A detailed, technology-centered system analysis is a prerequisite for understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the options developed, evaluating trade-offs compared to both conventional and other advanced alternatives, and assessing the potential contributions of the technology options to a more sustainable future.
The project addresses automobiles, vans and light trucks. Detailed technology evolution is considered until year 2030 with an outlook until year 2050. The drive trains (electrified and baseline internal combustion engines) and energy carriers (batteries and fuels) are to be combined with various vehicle options (e.g. different vehicle classes, down-weighting, etc.) to define a wide range of vehicles (a «virtual fleet» of designs).