OPTImization of the use of Wood As a Renewable Energy Source (OPTIWARES)
Scope of projectWood combustion and other biomass combustion represent renewable energy sources, and means to reduce global CO2 emissions if the biomass stems from sustainable agriculture and forestry. On the other hand, biomass combustion inherently produces high emissions of particulate matter. These aerosol particles exert a climate forcing and have adverse health effects, which may lead to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and cancer, affecting population morbidity and mortality. The strengths of both, climate and health effects, vary during the lifetime of the aerosol due to physicochemical aging processes in the atmosphere.
OPTIWARES will i) improve the quantitative understanding of the impact of aerosols from wood combustion on air quality and climate and ii) develop improved strategies for encouraging the use of more appropriate wood combustion facilities. The former will be based on comprehensive and interactive measurement and modelling activities, while the latter will follow an integrative approach building on the available literature, testing and further developing improved devices for the clean-up of wood combustion exhaust and providing quantitative numbers for the authorities. The results will be made available to the involved industrial partners, enhancing their competitiveness in the market in Switzerland and worldwide.
This project is supported mainly by the Competence Center Environment and Sustainability.
ContactProf. Urs Baltensperger, PSI
Telephone: +41 56 310 2408