Formic acid - chemical storage of electrical energy and on-site hydrogen production for use in PEM fuel cells (Hy-Form)
The purpose of this research project is to develop a medium scale reactor for on-demand hydrogen generation from formic acid (FA) for use in a downstream fuel cell. In order to realize an efficiently functioning reactor and fuel cell couple, three independent but interrelated research areas are involved. The first concerns the design, prototyping and testing of a suitable reactor, which is carried out at EPFL. A second, concurrent task at ZHAW involves computer modelling of precise flow dynamics, heat transfer mechanisms and effects of particle size. The third arm of the project, based at PSI, studies the compatibility of the reactor gas outflow with single- and multi-cell PEM (proton exchange membrane) fuel cells.
Stainless steel reactor for hydrogen production from formic acid. Connections: 1. Coaxial Pt100 thermocouple. 2. Formic acid inlet. 3. Heating oil inlet with thermocouple. 4. Heating oil outlet with thermocouple. 5. Product gas outlet.