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ccem

Electricity

Running Projects

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Self-Regenerating Anodes (SERAN)

Durability Improvement of SOFC Technology by Novel Smart Materials with Sulphur Tolerance

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CONductive traNsparent Electrodes (CONNECT-PV)

The direct conversion of sunlight into electricity using solar cells is a key technology for the sustainable energy supply of the future. Thin film solar cells are the fastest growing branch of the booming photovoltaic market. They can be fabricated using inorganic (a-Si, mc-Si, CdTe, CIGS) or organic (OPV, DSC) materials.

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All Solid State Li-Ion Batteries based on New Ceramic Li-ion Electrolytes (SLIB)

The SLIB project focuses on new and safe solid state materials and device design concepts for next generation, all solid state, Li+-ion rechargeable batteries, offering an alternative to current liquid/polymer based Li+-ion batteries. New doped garnet and perovskite electrolytes, and lithium-alloys will be synthesised and studied in depth. In particular, an investigation of the fundamentals of transport and storage of Li+-ions and electrons in relation to structural defects will be focused on.

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Advanced Understanding of Micro Structures in Fuel Cells and Batteries through X-ray Imaging (ADMIST)

The project ADMIST aims at improving the durability and performance of high (HT) and low (LT) temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFC) and Li-ion batteries (LIBs). The lifetime and the performance of these three technologies is largely determined by the microstructure of the constituents, the temporal changes to the microstructure, and the related mass transport properties in the micro-porous domains. In HT-PEFC the loss of phosphoric acid (PA), evaporating in the high surface area gas diffusion layers is the major life limiting process.

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Methods of Advanced Waste Treatment (MeAWaT)

This project is following up the work on the microwave internal gelation process and investigation of the use of carbide sphere-pac fuel in sodium cooled fast reactors including the integration into the fuel cycle. The focus of this project is on inherent safe reactor systems with the main purpose of minor actinide incineration for nuclear waste conditioning. Because of its major advantages for the production of fuel containing minor actinides, the microwave internal gelation is a good process, and the sphere-pac is an expedient fuel-form for such future reactor systems.

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Finished Projects

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Geothermal Reservoir Processes: Towards the implementation of research into the creation and sustainable use of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (Geotherm 2)

The pressing need to rethink the Swiss Energy Mix following the decision to phase out nuclear power in Switzerland by 2034 lends added importance to accelerating the development of Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) technology, which is generally regarded as the only way that geothermal energy can make a significant contribution to the electricity supply.

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Temperature dependent ampacity limit modelling of overhead power lines (TeKaF)

TeKaF stands for "Temperaturabhängige Kapazitätsausnutzung für Freileitungsnetze".
The capacity of today’s electric transmission system is limited by several constraints: the thermal rating of cables and overhead lines, voltage drop, and stability margin. The goal of the project is to deliver the necessary know-how that allows the grid operator to better estimate the remaining capacity (current) of each single line. The information needed is the maximum possible steady-state current value corresponding to the actual weather situation.

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Integration of stochastic renewables in the Swiss electricity supply system (ISCHESS)

The recent past has seen an increase in energy and climate policies oriented towards the promotion of renewable energy sources (RES) such as wind and solar. These RES feature a number of advantages as energy generating options: they are inexhaustible, have a low carbon footprint and can operate on a small scale, enabling their usage in the distribution grid.

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Swiss High Energy Density Batteries - From Advanced Materials to a Safe Device (FAMSADI)

Energy storage technologies are critical enabling technologies and particularly important for the development of advanced, fuel-efficient, light- and heavy-duty vehicles. Only a few battery technologies are commercially viable on a large scale and all of them have limitations compared to the demands of the transportation application. The overall objective of this project is to develop a prototype cost-effective lithium-ion high energy and high power battery technology up to the level of a single cell, with electrode performances well beyond the current state-of-the-art, with automotive applications (hybrid vehicles and electric traction) as application target area.

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Modern methodologies for design, manufacturing and operation of hydropower plants (HydroNet 2)

Following the strong synergy and promising results achieved in the HydroNet project, HydroNet 2 pursues the multidisciplinary research by strengthening the monitoring issue and opening the investigation portfolio to hydropower schemes other than pumped storage plants.

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Integration of high temperature thermoelectric converter for electricity generation in a solid oxide fuel cell system (HITTEC)

Nowadays, intelligent and sustainable strategies by interdisciplinary thinking are needed to save energy resources and to further reduce fuel consumption as well as CO2 emission. Towards this direction, a thermoelectric converter, which converts a heat/temperature gradient into valuable electricity, is a promising fuel saving technique.

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Novel Wind Energy Extraction Technology (SwissKitePower)

'Crosswind Kite Power' or 'Airborne Wind Energy' is the idea of using a light, controllable aerodynamic device (commonly referred to as a kite), flying in a crosswind pattern to create power which is transmitted to the ground via a tether (high-strength cable).

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Exploring and Improving Durability of Thin Film Solar Cells (DURSOL)

The project objectives are focussed towards the understanding of fundamental degradation phenomena in thin film solar cells. Degradation is due to complex mechanisms related to inherent material stability, interdiffusion across junctions, and due to external influences such as ambient atmosphere and solar light, and it depends on the type of semiconductors being used in the devices and how the solar cells are encapsulated.

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Platform for Innovative Nuclear FuEls (PINE)

Presently fast breeder reactor (FBR) fuels consist in pellets made of uranium-plutonium-oxide (U,Pu)O2, clad in steel tubes. Within the CCEM PINE Platform we shall demonstrate the advantages of chemically and geometrically alternate fuel forms prepared by lesser and «simpler» processes, which show many physical and safety relevant advantages and are less expensive.

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Acquisition of an automated battery cell test station (Battery Test Bench)

Li-ion batteries are rechargeable energy storage systems, which can be found nowadays in different applications, from portable electronics to automotive. Due to their high energy density, Li-ion systems are gaining ground in applications such as electro-mobility or as buffers for power system networks. Some of the expected main results from this project are: identification of degradation mechanisms, assessment of the requirements for reliability, safety and lifetime tests, limitations of the different technologies, and modeling of the degradation/ageing processes.

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Carbon Dioxide Management in Swiss Power Generation (CARMA)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) is a set of technologies for the capture of CO2 from its anthropogenic point sources, its transport to a storage location or treatment plant, and its isolation from the atmosphere. This is only one, though very important, option in a portfolio of actions to fight the increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration and to mitigate the greenhouse effect and climate change, while at the same time allowing for the continued use of fossil fuels.

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Modern Methodologies for Design, Manufacturing and
Operation of Pumped Storage Power Plants (HydroNet)

Electricity production in Switzerland relies heavily on hydro power plants, which face new challenges due to the strong increase in short-term energy trading. Modern power plants are expected to operate at variable speed in a wider range of output power with improved efficiency, flexibility and safety. The focus of the project is put on operation and maintenance of hydro power plants with respect to the new economic environment. Besides the generation units, civil engineering and sedimentation issues as well as economical aspects are considered.

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Technologies for Gas Turbine Power Generation with CO2 Mitigation (GTCO2)

The world primary energy demand is expected to double by 2050. It is assumed that this increased demand cannot be solely covered by renewable energy sources (such as hydro, wind, or solar), or by nuclear energy. Thus, an increased number of fossil-fuel-powered gas turbine systems for electricity generation will be implemented in the coming decades. The current project addresses specifically the challenge of developing a gas turbine with reduced CO2 emission.

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Battery Replacement using Miniaturized Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (ONEBAT)

The ONEBAT project focuses on the development of a miniaturized Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) system with special focus on fuel cell, i.e. SOFC membrane, development and gas processing unit. Main challenges here are the adoption of thin film deposition and microfabrication techniques for ceramic membranes and catalysts as well as their characterization and optimization. The target operating temperature of 550°C is very demanding: it is very low on the one hand for ceramic fuel cell operation and on the other hand for fuel gas conversion to syngas.

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Cost Efficient Thin Film Photovoltaics for Future Electricity Generation (ThinPV)

ThinPV is a project with the mission to mobilize resources in thin film photovoltaics by performing world-class research and development that targets breakthroughs in photovoltaic device efficiency, and cost efficient production. The project is structured into three main parts, part A being oriented towards the short term improvement of plasma deposition processes of thin silicon films, part B addressing hybrid solar cells on the medium to long term and combining dye sensitized solar cells (DSC), Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells (CIGS) as well as polymer solar cells (OPV). Part C is defined to be an exchange platform to allow for workshops and educational activities.

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Platform for High Temperature Materials (PHiTEM)

The three-years PHiTEM project is aimed at acquiring experimental devices, manpower and competences for allowing multiscale characterization of advanced high-temperature materials, including irradiated, i.e. radioactive ones. With the establishing of the platform a unique facility in Switzerland is generated in the field of development and characterisation of advanced materials for advanced future energy power plants.

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